Sleep Deprivation Symptoms

Onе of thе mоѕt nесеѕѕаrу ingrеdiеntѕ fоr gооd health iѕ a gооd night’ѕ ѕlеер. It’ѕ аѕ imроrtаnt to оur wеllbеing аѕ a hеаlthу diеt аnd еxеrсiѕе. Unfortunately a lot оf people tоdау аrе nоt getting thе rest thеу need.
Keywords: sleep, sleep deprivation, sleep deprivation symptoms, insomnia, sleep mask, sleep problem

Why is that?

This mау be bесаuѕе thеу аrе buѕу аnd trying tо create mоrе timе bу сutting down оn thеir sleep – nоt a good idеа! At thе other end of thе ѕсаlе there аrе thоѕе whо find it difficult tо fall asleep оr ѕtау аѕlеер, or thеir ѕlеер is оf vеrу рооr quаlitу. If еithеr оf thеѕе dеѕсribеѕ уоu, you will no doubt еxреriеnсе ѕlеер deprivation symptoms.

Sleep dерrivаtiоn displays оbviоuѕ symptoms likе еxtrеmе tirеdnеѕѕ, ѕluggiѕhnеѕѕ аnd drowsiness. Oссаѕiоnаl fаtiguе or lаgging еnеrgу iѕ normal from timе to timе, but if еxtrеmе tirеdnеѕѕ is interfering with your normal daily lifеѕtуlе, you’re роtеntiаllу dealing with ѕlеер dерrivаtiоn.

Sometimes оngоing fаtiguе саn cause mеmоrу lоѕѕ. It’ѕ difficult tо rесаll infоrmаtiоn when уоu’rе ѕlеер deprived. Alѕо, mental fоgginеѕѕ may рrеѕеnt itѕеlf, making you lоѕе сlаritу, feel confused аnd diѕtrасtеd. Thе mаin rеаѕоn for thiѕ mеntаl соnfuѕiоn iѕ that thе brаin ѕuffеrѕ frоm tоо littlе rest. Sleep nourishes аnd rерlеniѕhеѕ thе brаin preparing it fоr аnоthеr onslaught of mеntаl wоrk likе thinking, speaking, remembering and writing.

A little known ѕуmрtоm оf sleep deprivation is moodiness. The brаin сhеmiсаlѕ rеѕроnѕiblе for a lеvеl and рlеаѕаnt mood rеlу on оur brаin getting sufficient rest. Bеing ѕlеер dерrivеd саn саuѕе аnxiеtу, ѕtrеѕѕ аnd depression. Sleep dерrivаtiоn ѕуmрtоmѕ ѕhоuld nоt be tаkеn lightly, as they can affect thе way уоu operate throughout thе dау. A good night’s rеѕt increases your сhаnсеѕ fоr a роѕitivе рrоduсtivе day.

Pоѕѕiblе Cоnѕеquеnсеѕ оf Slеер Dерrivаtiоn

Nоt mаnу реорlе rеаlizе thаt the еffесtѕ оf ѕlеер deprivation оn thеir brain and bоdу саn bе much more dеtrimеntаl than they initially seem. Surе, уоu mау bе аblе tо dо уоur wоrk and livе your lifе nоrmаllу аftеr ѕlеерing fоr only 3 оr 4 hоurѕ thе рrеviоuѕ night but if уоu соnѕtаntlу ѕubjесt уоurѕеlf tо thiѕ gross lack оf sleep, you mау find уоurѕеlf suffering grave ѕlеер dерrivаtiоn еffесtѕ in thе long run.

During the dау, уоur brain wоrkѕ nоnѕtор frоm thе mоmеnt уоu wake uр to thе time уоu gо bасk tо bеd аt night. Evеn whеn you feel likе уоu аrе nоt doing anything – juѕt sitting аt уоur desk or еаting a mеаl – your brаin still funсtiоnѕ соntinuоuѕlу nevertheless. The only timе thаt уоur brain hаѕ a сhаnсе tо recharge iѕ when уоu are fast asleep аt night, аnd if you are unable tо get thе nееdеd hоurѕ of ѕlеер, уоu can еxреriеnсе a рlеthоrа оf unpleasant and unhеаlthу ѕlеер dерrivаtiоn effects.

Tурiсаl Slеер Dерrivаtiоn Symptoms

If уоu hаvеn’t hаd еnоugh ѕlеер fоr еvеn оnе night, уоu will immediately fееl ѕlеер deprivation еffесtѕ the fоllоwing dау. Thе typical symptoms inсludе dizzinеѕѕ, forgetfulness or blurred vision. When thе lack оf ѕlеер gоеѕ оn fоr several dауѕ, уоu will nоtiсе еvеn mоrе severe ѕуmрtоmѕ such аѕ rарid weight lоѕѕ, hаlluсinаtiоnѕ or еvеn mеntаl problems оr hеаrt disease. Read more about lack of sleep diminishing effects.

The ѕеvеritу оf thеѕе ѕlеер dерrivаtiоn еffесtѕ should be еnоugh tо ѕеrvе аѕ a wаkеuр саll tо mоѕt реорlе аѕ to thе imроrtаnсе of gеtting enough ѕlеер аt night. Sinсе wе wеrе children, wе have bееn tоld thаt 8 hоurѕ iѕ thе body’s rеquirеd аmоunt of ѕlеер. Whilе thаt iѕ ѕtill the idеаl lеngth оf ѕlеер, if уоu саn еvеn gеt at lеаѕt 6 hоurѕ оn a rеgulаr bаѕiѕ, thаt will be еnоugh fоr уоur brain tо rесhаrgе аnd get rеаdу fоr a brаnd nеw day of continuous work.

The problem these dауѕ is thаt mаnу реорlе hаvе tоо mаnу асtivitiеѕ tо do еvеrу single dау аnd find it hаrd tо gеt the rеquirеd numbеr of sleeping hоurѕ. What you can dо iѕ tо simply find a wау to rеоrgаnizе уоur schedule аnd mаkе timе for sleep. Cut dоwn оn уоur wоrklоаd if уоu nееd to bесаuѕе thеrе iѕ no роint in wоrking tоо much when you аrе juѕt mаking уоur brаin suffer in the рrосеѕѕ.

You Need To Gеt Bеttеr Slеер

Certain ѕlеерing disorders likе inѕоmniа, nаrсоlерѕу оr ѕlеер арnеа may аlѕо lead tо sleep deprivation еffесtѕ. In thiѕ саѕе, you will hаvе tо соnѕult with a dосtоr so that уоu саn gеt lоngеr аnd bеttеr quаlitу sleep. It is vеrу imроrtаnt thаt уоu solve thе рrоblеm of not ѕlеерing, bеfоrе the ѕlеер dерrivаtiоn effects are serious. Maybe try using sleep mask for better sleep. Read an article titled do sleep masks work for more information.

A solution

Evеrуbоdу nееdѕ tо ѕlеер. It can be tо rеѕt аftеr a tоugh dау оr tо rest your mind. It iѕ a good way tо gеt over ѕоmеthing еvеn fоr just a whilе. A sleep quоtе from Carrie Snоw ѕауѕ, “Nо day iѕ so bаd it can’t bе fixеd with a nар.” It dоеѕ not mаttеr how оld уоu аrе, hоw riсh оr hоw busy, уоu need a good night’ѕ ѕlеер.

Sоmеtimеѕ, thеrе аrе reasons whу the bоdу refuses tо ѕlеер even if you have been lуing оn your bеd fоr hоurѕ. Thе fоllоwing аrе sleep dерrivаtiоn ѕоlutiоnѕ.

Tо trеаt ѕlеер dерrivаtiоn ѕуmрtоmѕ, trу tо go tо bеd relaxed аnd соmfоrtаblе. Mаnу реорlе just jumр intо bed аftеr a long day. You dо not juѕt rеlаx your body whilе уоu ѕlеер, you ѕhоuld аlѕо rеlаx your mind. Plеаѕе, аlthоugh wе ѕаid уоu ѕhоuld have some sleep, but not for you to sleep аll dау, dоn’t оvеr do it.

Eаt a bаlаnсеd diеt аnd gеt rеgulаr exercise. A gооd run will give уоu a hеаlthу kind of exhaustion. It iѕ not еnоugh tо еаt fruitѕ аnd vеgеtаblеѕ. Yоu should аlѕо еаt during thе рrореr time. Plеаѕе dоn’t оvеr dо thе eating and void eating fооd сlоѕе to уоur bеdtimе.

If уоur sleep deprivation ѕуmрtоmѕ реrѕiѕt, it iѕ timе to consult a ѕресiаliѕt. Yоur ѕlеерing iѕѕuеѕ might be a ѕуmрtоm оf a more ѕеriоuѕ соnditiоn. Chronic ѕlеер deprivation соuld саuѕе hаlluсinаtiоnѕ, mеmоrу loss, weight gаin оr еvеn diаbеtеѕ. Dо nоt wаit fоr уоur condition tо worsen before ѕееking a hеаlth care рrоvidеr.

Children’s Snore Leading To Heart Disease

Apparently, snoring isn’t limited to adults. Doctor JC Suri, New Delhi doctor, claims that five percent of children between 2 and 18 have sleeping disorders.

Snoring is caused when air cannot fully moved through your nose, and kids have plenty of reasons for their snoring.

However, their medical conditions could untimely cause serious medical issues, including heart diseases. As parents, it’s your job to protect your child so understanding snoring and it’s health effects is very important.

Why Do Kids Snore?

Their snoring can be caused by their excessive tonsils and adenoid growth in their throat. But, it can also be caused by block nasal passages and airways which prevents your child from breathing properly during sleep. These include:
• Colds and sinus infections
• Seasonal, dirt or pet allergies
• Deviated septum
• Obesity

Effects Of Snoring In Kids

Much like how snoring is to adults, snoring can disrupt the child’s sleep. It also certainly prevents other family members from sleeping peacefully.
snoring child
If your child is a snorer, he/she might have an increased chance of being irritable, lacking concentration, changing attitude, difficulty learning, and increased aggressiveness.

Snoring Connected to Heart Disease

In addition to mental and dangerous conditions, it can also cause chronic heart disease. This also causes arrhythmia’s, high blood pressure, and heart attacks.

Those who snore, according to research, often have damaged carotid arteries—the lifelines carrying the oxygen-rich blood to a person’s brain. If those are thickened, then your heart will have to work harder to deliver oxygen.

Likewise, snoring is another form of sleep apnea. Kids with sleep apnea will stop breathing for a couple of times a night and their blood oxygen level will drop. Then, their heart will work harder to compensate.

How To Stop Kids From Snoring

If your child snores, tilt the mattress so that your child sleeps at an angle and rests his or her head higher than the rest of the body. Then, talk to your paediatrician.

He or she can examine the tonsils and adenoids to determine if they’re the culprit.

The doctor can also prescribe cold medication, order allergy tests or recommend a weight loss strategy if congestion, allergies or obesity factor into snoring. A sleep study may also be ordered as the doctor decides if your child suffers from sleep apnea.

No matter what the cause, snoring can be dangerous to your child’s health. Seek medical treatment or check out some snoring devices from companies like SnoreBore now as you prevent heart disease and other serious medical issues that may be the cause or eventually develop because of snoring.

Sleep Apnea

There are many different types of sleeping disorders, but sleep apnea is on the more serious side of the scale. This disorder can be deadly, especially when you factor in family history and a patient’s lifestyle such as drinking and smoking.

Navigation:
What is sleep apnea
Central sleep apnea
complex sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea
How to cope with sleep apnea
Treatments for Sleep Apnea

Keywords: sleep apnea, sleep disorder, insomnia, cannot sleep, complex sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea

What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder that causes someone’s breathing to stop as they are sleeping. Breathing will eventually begin again but the pause in breathing can last from seconds up to a few minutes. This cycle can also occur 30 times an hour or more.

When breathing begins again, a loud coughing or snoring sound can be heard, as the body begins to function normally again. The condition of sleep apnea is a constant problem that will cause you to lose sleep almost every night. Suffering from sleep apnea can lead to sleepiness during the day because you had a poor night’s sleep, the day before.

Types of Sleep Apnea

Like some of types of medical problems, sleep apnea has more than one type to diagnose. Finding the correct type of sleep apnea can be the key to getting the right treatment.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

The most common of the sleep disorders, obstructive sleep apnea is typically the one to deal with, when you find out that you have a problem. With this type of sleep apnea, your entire airway is obstructed or only slightly obstructed. With full obstruction, breathing stops for a short time but with the partial blockage, you will experience shallow breathing that is also very slow. This can be as dangerous as the full obstruction.

Central Sleep Apnea

This disorder is different from obstructive sleep apnea because the problem occurs in the brain. The nasal cavity is not obstructed in any way. You will simply stop breathing because your brain stem has stopped telling your body to breath. This sleep apnea is caused by any damage to the brain stem.

Complex Sleep Apnea

Also called mixed sleep apnea, this is a mixture of central and obstructive sleep apnea. Symptoms may lead you to believe that your apnea is obstructive, but once treatment begins in the form of a machine that allows for continuous airway pressure, the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea go away and central ones begin.

How to Cope With Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea does not have to stop or slow down the life that you choose to lead. One way to cope is create a plan and stick to it. Work with your doctor and keep your visits regular and on schedule to ensure that your treatment is being followed correctly. Proper treatment can help you to avoid other medical problems such as heart disease.

If your CPAP breathing machine does not feel comfortable, try to change your mask until you find one that fits you well. Dieting and exercise is a must to lessen your sleep apnea because weight gain can cause your symptoms to worsen. If you live with someone, get your families help for emotional support and extra help in following your treatment.

Treatments for Sleep Apnea

For cases of sleep apnea that are mild, you can try to make a few changes in your life that can help to lower your chances of sleep apnea episodes.

  • To keep your throat open at night when you’re sleeping, stay away from alcohol. Also work with your doctor to find non-drowsy medication as medicines that cause drowsiness can have the same effect.
  • Losing even a few pounds can also help to have a positive effect on sleep apnea.
  • Try sleeping on your side because sleeping on your back cause help to obstruct your breathing.
  • If you smoke, quit for your overall health and an extra boost against your sleeping disorder.
  • A mouthpiece or breathing device may also help your disorder. The continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine is commonly used and can help most apnea sufferers. A device covers both your nose and mouth, while another simply covers your nose. The device will send a gentle wave of air into the throat of the wearer.

    If nothing else works, you may have to try surgery to deal with your sleep apnea disorder. Discuss with your doctor your type of sleep apnea and the specific surgery that would benefit you the most. Surgery is done to open your breathing passage a little wider to help you breathe easier.

    Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome

    People with Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome (DSPS) can not sleep when desired, needed or expected. It might be they can only fall asleep by 4 am, for example, and need to sleep until 11 am to get 7 hours of sleep. People typically start to have DSP syndrome when they are young children or teens. Without treatment, the problem continues through life.
    Keywords: DSPS, delayed sleep phase syndrome, sleep, sleep disorder, DSPS, DSP syndrome, delayed sleep phase syndrome treatment



    Navigation:
    What is delayed sleep phase syndrome
    Diagnosis of this condition
    Usual symptoms
    Treatment of delayed sleep phase syndrome
    Coping with the disease

    DSP syndrome can be a real issue

    Since children and teens need to get up early for school, delayed sleep phase syndrome can be a serious problem because they do not get the sleep they need for physical and mental health. Adults who have the problem may find they can find night shift jobs, but if that’s not possible, they have a serious problem, too.

    Studies show that about 7 to 10 percent of the people who report they have insomnia actually have DSP syndrome. The proof of this is that if people with DSP are allowed to fall asleep according to their own timing, they can sleep well for 8 hours, which is not the case for people with insomnia. People with DSP syndrome have their internal body clock set to a different time than the most people.

    Every living creature has an internal clock known in scientist lingo as the circadian rhythm. The natural processes that occur during 24 hours for a plant or animal are the circadian rhythm. Nocturnal animals like owls sleep all day and wake at night. Most people and diurnal animals have body clocks set for sleeping at night time when it is dark outside.

    Coping with DSP syndrome

    People with DSP syndrome just have their body clocks differently than most people. When you hear people say they are “night owls,” they may very well have delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS). DSP syndrome runs in families and a particular gene associated with the condition has been identified in studies.

    When night owls try to conform to expected sleep and waking schedules, they typically just get very little sleep. The effects on them have been compared to having jet lag every day. Anyone who has experienced jet lag knows how hard it can be to concentrate when suffering from it. Children and teens with this problem can have serious problems at school. Parents may think their children are not trying or are unintelligent, but the bad grades may be the result of sleeping problems.

    Diagnosis of delayed sleep phase syndrome

    By the time people with DSP get diagnosed, they have usually tried everything in the book. They’ve tried all the tips for good sleeping habits, hypnosis, dull reading, relaxation techniques, and nutritional supplements. Even when they take sedatives, they may not be able to get to sleep earlier.

    Symptoms of DSP syndrome

    Many doctors are not aware of delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) since it was only discovered in a 1981. Symptoms of DSP syndrome are often misdiagnosed as insomnia or as psychiatric problems. To diagnose DSP, doctors will rule out other conditions with certain tests. Sleep actigraphs, which are watch-sized monitors, may be used to assess your circadian rhythms over time. The doctor will also ask you to keep a sleep diary.

    How to treat DSP?

    Treatments may include light therapy with a full spectrum lamp during the morning and avoidance of light during the later part of the day and evening. The doctor may want you to take melatonin, a nutritional supplement that helps to reset the body clock. Sudies are ongoing as to whether the prescription drug Rozerem acts like a melatonin in resetting the body clock.

    Chronotherapy treats DSP syndrome by manipulating bedtimes. One approach is to stay awake all day and night and then go to sleep 90 minutes earlier than usual for a week. This approach is repeated weekly until sleep is possible at the desired bedtime.

    If you are a night owl but have to keep regular hours for work or school, you need to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment of PSDS. While there is no cure, there are a number of ways to manage delayed sleep phase syndrome so that you can get some sleep and function better.

    Chronic Sleep Deprivation Causes and Effects

    One of the main causes of sleep deprivation is a simple change in a person’s work schedule. Some jobs require people to alternate their work times, do shift work, or work nights. As an example, medical staffers, police and fire fighters often work twelve hour shifts. As a result, their circadian rhythm – the cycle that controls their feeling of alertness and fatigue – can get thrown out of alignment. Also, jet lag can have the same effect.
    Keywords: sleep, sleep deprivation, sleepiness, cannot sleep, lack of sleep, insomnia

    Chronic Sleep Deprivation Causes and Effects

    Other causes are quite varied and usually fall into what’s known as obstructive sleep patterns or disorders. As the term implies, these are maladies that obstruct a person from getting a good night’s sleep. The first is sleep apnea, where a person stops breathing for an extended period while they’re asleep. This can lead to excessive sleep deprivation and feelings of chronic fatigue. Insomnia is another problem that can become chronic based on a number of factors.

    If a person drinks too much caffeine, if they have stress due to personal finances, work, family, and so on, all of these can contribute to a person’s inability to fall asleep. Then there’s narcolepsy, where a person falls asleep suddenly; it too can disrupt the normal sleep patterns. Despite them getting bouts of sleep during unusual times, they can end up not sleep well at night. Another problem is cataplexy; this is where a person will briefly lose control of their muscles, usually as a result of a strong emotional outburst. Finally, there’s sleep paralysis, this is when a person literally can’t move when they are waking up and/or falling asleep. Both of these last two problems lead to people having trouble get to sleep or wake up.

    Sleep Deprivation effects

    In terms of the effects, they can be varied and quite debilitating. First off, a lack of sleep adversely affects a person’s feeling of alertness and various upper brain functions. Their memory – long and short term, decision-making ability, risk assessment and problem solving are all negatively affected.

    In particular, when people try to perform routine, mundane tasks, their brains are unable to focus on the job, and they simply shut down! In addition, a lack of sleep leads to decreased REM sleep (dreaming) as a result of what’s known as sleep debt. When deprived of periods of continuous sleep, the body will decrease REM sleep to give it more deep sleep. This causes further mental deterioration and cognitive confusion. People have been known to hallucinate, become paranoid, and suffer delusions. Extreme personality shifts and mood swings are not uncommon. People can become short tempered, sob uncontrollably; lash out at friends and family, and other extreme emotional outbursts.

    Fatigue, muscle aches and more

    Then there are the physical affects. Sleep deprivation causes – of course – feelings of sleepiness, and then also fatigue, muscle aches and joint pains. People have less energy, their physical coordination becomes poorer, and their reaction time becomes worse. This is why it is unwise to drive when you are very sleepy. In the event of an accident in the road ahead of you, a slippery road due to rain or ice, your ability to react will be compromised.

    Sleep deprivation long term effect

    Over the long term, the physical affects can mount up. Doctors have found that the immune system can be weakened, muscle tone will decrease, and brain functions can be impaired. Also, a person’s inhibitions decrease – it is a little like being drunk, and people can become prone to do and say various things. As a result, sleep deprivation is sometimes used as in interrogation technique by police and military organizations. The only good thing about sleep deprivation is that its affects can be counteracted by merely getting several nights of good sleep.

    Lack of Sleep diminishing effects

    If you don’t get a good night’s sleep the effect can be more that mere fatigue the next morning. The initial effect will be sleepiness, trouble concentrating, and slight aches and pains. That is the result of not getting only one night of decent sleep. If you miss more, the effects build up.
    Keywords: lack of sleep, insomnia, problem sleeping, lower concentration, fatigue, muscle aches

    Lack of Sleep

    One of the chief effects is that your circadian rhythm, the bodily cycle that controls when you feel alert and tired will get thrown into a state of misalignment. As a result, your sleep stages can also be messed up. During a normal night, you go through four stages of sleep – from very light to very deep, and then you cycle into Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep, also known as your dream phase.

    Once the circadian cycle is changed, your sleep will become even more erratic. The body needs a certain amount of all stages of sleep, and if deprived of deep sleep (stages 3 and 4), it’ll “dip into” the REM sleep, and then the negative effects start to really add up.

    Your concentration is lowered

    Initially, as previously mentioned, there’s the diminished level of alertness, and negative affects on upper brain functions. The more nights you go without a decent amount of sleep, the more the effects build up. Your long and short term memories can become cloudy, and your ability to make decisions will be impaired. Everything from how to solve simple problems to making assessments of risk and hand to eye coordination are diminished. If you have to perform some tasks that are very boring and repetitive, you can have trouble concentrating and focusing your mind on them. Studies have shown that people’s mind literally shutdown in such situations!

    As the amount of REM sleep is reduced, your brain will suffer additional mental confusion and cognitive deterioration. It is not unusual for you to suffer hallucinations, become paranoid, and experience delusions. Some of these effects will be hard for you to see, as they’re happening within your own mind! If you find yourself snapping at people over small things, bursting into tears at the sight of a picture of a puppy – or other emotional outbursts that are extreme, they are the signs of too little sleep. You may even experience extreme mood swings and shifts to your personality.

    Fatigue, joint pains and muscle aches

    There are also a plethora of physical affects. If you lack sleep over a long period of time, feeling sleepy will be the least of your problems! There’s also fatigue, joint pains and muscle aches. Your energy levels will diminish, you’ll have less physical coordination, and your reaction time will become very poor. As a result, the effects are like being drunk, so driving or operating heavy machinery is unwise. It can lead to an accident and/or serious injury.

    If you don’t get a decent amount of sleep over an extended period of time, several months, the mental and physical affects will also build up. Your immune system will become weaker, your muscle tone will diminish, and a host of brain functions will be impaired. Again, much like being drunk, your inhibitions will decrease, and you may find yourself doing and saying things you normally wouldn’t. People report it’s a little like having an out of body experience or walking through a dream. They see and hear themselves doing things that they’d never do for real, but it doesn’t feel like it’s them doing it.

    So, it’s always wise to try to get that good night’s sleep. The good news is, if you suffer a prolonged bout of not getting the sleep you need, the affects can be corrected if you’re able to get back into a regular sleep schedule.

    Related article: Lack of sleep treatment.

    What is narcolepsy

    People with narcolepsy experience overwhelming daytime sleepiness that can lead them to fall asleep at inappropriate times. Narcolepsy is a chronic neurological disorder when the brain is unable to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally. There is no known cause of narcolepsy.
    Keywords: narcolepsy, sleep disorders, sleeping disorders, sleep, problems with sleep

    Primary Symptoms of narcolepsy

    Narcolepsy has four primary symptoms. There are additional symptoms that may occur.

    Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) is a condition of narcolepsy. There may be sleep “attacks” that occur without warning. Narcoleptic people have persistent drowsiness. They may also have “microsleeps” which are moments of sleep that intrudes into a waking state.

    Cataplexy is the sudden loss of voluntary muscle tone. The episodes can be relatively minor with sagging facial muscles and/or slurring of speech. Major episodes may result in complete body collapse. For some people, cataplexy resembles an epileptic seizure. Episodes can last for a few seconds or several minutes.

    Hallucinations can be a problem for narcoleptic people when they starting to doze, fall asleep and/or awaken. While the hallucinations can be very vivid and frightening, they are not in themselves dangerous.

    Paralysis is another symptom of narcolepsy. When waking up, narcoleptic people may be unable to move or talk for several seconds or minutes. While not dangerous, it can be very scary to be paralyzed even for such a brief time.

    The cause of narcolepsy remains unknown. It is likely that narcolepsy involves multiple factors interacting to cause neurological dysfunction and sleep disturbances.

    Additional Symptoms of narcolepsy

    People with narcolepsy may have difficulty sleeping at night. This is one reason that narcolepsy has often be misdiagnosed as insomnia.
    For people with narcolepsy, the Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep begins almost as soon they fall asleep.

    REM sleep is the period of the highest brain activity. In normal people, REM sleep only occurs after a person has reached a very deep sleep when the body is immobile. Having REM sleep occur suddenly after being awake can sometimes lead to automatic behavior.

    This is when the body continues to move and do things while sleep has overtaken the brain. Automatic behavior may include talking, walking, and doing other things while asleep.

    Research on narcolepsy

    In government recent studies, there are indications that abnormal immune system processes may be involved in the causes of narcolepsy. U.S. government research is now trying to determine if drugs that suppress immune system processes can interrupt development of narcolepsy.

    There is increasing awareness that narcolepsy develops during childhood and it may contribute to behavior disorders, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A large US government epidemiological study is seeking to find how prevalent narcolepsy is in children aged two to 14 years who have ADHD.

    Narcolepsy treatment

    While there’s no cure for narcolepsy, a dug called Modafinil was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 1999 for the excessive daytime sleepiness.

    The drug Xyrem was approved in July 2002 for treating cataplexy and in November 2005 for excessive daytime sleepiness. There are some safety concerns associated with Xyrem, so doctors are very conservative about prescribing it. Cataplexy can also be treated by two classes of antidepressants: tricyclics and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (like Prozac).

    None of these medications are totally effective in preventing the symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy in narcoleptic people. The medications also don’t help with hallucinations and paralysis symptoms of narcolepsy.

    Most patients find that the narcolepsy get worse over 20 to 30 years after they first experience the first symptoms. If you are concerned that you may have narcolepsy, it’s very important that you see your doctor for diagnosis. Medication will help you cope with narcolepsy and function more normally.

    Sleep Insomnia

    Simply put, insomnia is the inability to fall asleep, and it can be the result of a myriad of physical and/or mental issues.
    Keywords: insomnia, inability to sleep, cannot sleep, insomnia sleep disorder, prevent insomnia

    All About Sleep Insomnia

    First, there are your sleeping conditions: what is your bedroom and bed like? If you need peace and quiet, and darkness, keep your bedroom like that. These days, many people eat, drink, read, watch TV, and countless other things in bed. All of them are detrimental to a good night’s sleep.

    If you body gets used to other activities going on in your bed, sleep will become harder. So, reduce the activities you do in bed to sleep and sexual intercourse. Then there are the conditions within your bed: how firm is the mattress, how soft? If your body needs a soft bed, get rid of a hard mattress, and vice versa.

    What to do to prevent insomnia?

    Do you suffer skin or sinus allergies? Check on the detergents you use, and the type of sheets on your bed; any of them can lead to irritation that then leads to insomnia.

    Insomnia is a very serious sleep disorder. Insomnia is the inability to fall asleep, and it can be the result of a myriad of physical and/or mental issues.

    Next, what about the events of your life. Right now, the economy is bad and people are struggling to keep their homes out of foreclosure. These kinds of mental stress can lead to insomnia. If they are the underlying cause of your sleeplessness, talking to a therapist can be one answer.

    Also, a doctor can proscribe a mild sedative that will help you to calm down and clear your mind. Very often, the first step in evaluating your insomnia is a sleep study. Your doctor may determine that you have sleep apnea, which is where you stop breathing while you sleep, and this can be a contributing factor to insomnia.

    If your doctor does suggest medication, there are two classes they can use: benzodiazepines and non-benzodiazepines. Both forms of drugs have side effects, but the former are a bit stronger and they have a greater chance of addiction. Mild side effects include things like dry mouth and fatigue.

    More severe ones include extreme sleepiness; some people have reported almost falling asleep right after lunch. As they say, a full belly already makes you sleepy; these medications can only add to that. If these side effects persist, let your doctor know as soon as possible.

    More steps to prevent insomnia

    Then there are the things you put in your body. Alcohol, nicotine and caffeine can all lead to insomnia. Many people think that alcohol helps to relax you, and it’s true that one or two drinks are fine, but too many will actually end up pumping stimulants into your blood. As for the other two, they both have the same affect – stimulation.

    Did you know, hypnotizing yourself can help cure insomnia.

    So, cut down on all three; at the very least, avoid them after the middle of the afternoon. In terms of food, don’t eat a large meal close to bedtime as it will leave you feeling rather bloated; yet also don’t go to bed hungry. A rumbling stomach is a sure way to stay awake. A light meal made up of simple foods like fruit, nuts, eggs, juice and milk are best.

    The issue of milk brings up a host of simple herbal sleep aids to ease the problem of insomnia. Milk contains tryptophan, which is a natural sleep aid. So, it seems the admonition from our grandparents about drinking a glass of warm milk to help you sleep is a good one. If you like tea, try drinking some chamomile.

    Depending on how severe your insomnia is, you can try valerian. While it’s great for aiding in getting to sleep and improving the quality of your sleep, it takes about a month to become effective. So, you take small doses every day, and it will gradually improve the quality of your sleep.

    Hypersomnia, its causes and symptoms

    Not a term most people are familiar with, it’s the reverse of insomnia, and sometimes it is confused with narcolepsy. In the case of the latter, people get an overwhelming feeling of fatigue and can even fall asleep suddenly. With Hypersomnia, the level of sleep gradually increases over the course of the day. It’s marked by bouts of severe sleepiness and fatigue, to list only two symptoms.

    Hypersomnia Causes

    In general, people with Hypersomnia do not get a lot of sleep at night, but by the same token, they also don’t suffer from insomnia. In fact, they often have trouble getting up in the morning, and staying awake over the course of the day. There are two forms of the disease, primary – also known as idiopathic, and recurrent hypersomnia; it’s also called recurrent primary hypersomnia. Both have the same symptoms; their only difference is how often and regularly those symptoms manifest themselves.

    Hypersomnia Symptoms

    With primary hypersomnia, sufferers find themselves getting more and more sleepy over an extended period of time during the course of the day. In the case of recurring, you get excessively tired, and the feeling persists for as long as several days. After easing off, it can occur again and again for a year or more. The primary difference between the two forms is that primary hypersomnia generally does not let up – it’s continuous. With recurring, you can suffer days of feeling sleepy, and then it goes away for a time, and then comes back – or “reoccurs”, hence the name. There’s even a particular form of recurring hypersomnia; it is called Kleine-Levin Syndrome.

    Another symptom is frequent napping, and despite those naps, you do not feel wide awake and refreshed. In the case of Kleine-Levin Syndrome, sufferers will sleep as much as 18 hours a day, sometimes even more! They often feel very irritable; they gain weight quickly and without reason, and may commit acts of sexual harassment. The cause of this form of hypersomnia – and others – is still unclear. Some researchers believe it is a genetic disorder exacerbated by environmental factors, but recent studies seem to link it to a disorder of the hypothalamus. Yet, this still remains unclear.

    Fortunately, the different forms of hypersomnia are quite rare; it has been determined that only about five percent of adults suffer from it. As there are a variety of causes for daytime sleepiness and fatigue, a detailed sleep study and tests are needed in order to diagnosis hypersomnia. In general, doctors use the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” to properly diagnosis the problem. First off, the feelings of fatigue have to persist for at least a month, and they have to cause trouble with your day to day activities. Next, there can’t be any other diseases or disorders present. So, if you have insomnia, narcolepsy or a severe mental disorder, hypersomnia may not be the problem.

    Hypersomnia diagnosis

    In the case of the recurring hypersomnia, diagnosis is very difficult. The periods of sleeplessness have to persist for periods of about three days or so, and continue for two years or more! For the most part, the symptoms will continue for the rest of the patient’s life; only Kleine-Levin Syndrome seems to be curable, it often clears up on its own by the time the patient reaches middle age. Using stimulants does relieve the symptoms, but does not treat the underlying cause.

    As with diseases like MS, lupus and diabetes, there is no cure, only treatment. Some doctors – those who attribute the disease to a malfunction of the hypothalamus feel that some form of brain surgery or treatment using stem cells might eventually lead to a cure.

    The Most Common Sleep Disorders

    Sleep is precious. Without sleep a person is tired and under stress.

    In this article we will shortly describe most common sleep disorders.

    Insomnia

    Insomnia is perhaps the most common of sleeping disorders and is the result of things like stress, a change to your sleep schedule, changing time zones or just poor sleeping habits. Depending on the cause, correcting it can be as simple as cutting out caffeine, TV before bed or stress in your life. We’ve even heard of a man who was suffering from insomnia because he was hearing a water drip that he couldn’t find until he called Tredent Contracting Services to check his roof for leaks.

    There are many over the counter medications that help you to relax, but they are only for temporary relief. Chronic insomnia usually requires medical attention. Sometimes therapy can deal with an underlying psychological problem, or medications can offer relief. If you prefer purely natural treatments, there are herbal remedies like melatonin and chamomile.

    Sleep apnea

    Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing while asleep. Most people do this naturally, but only briefly – ten to twenty seconds. When it becomes severe enough to be a problem, there are a number of treatments available. Sometimes just losing weight or changing your sleeping position can solve the problem.

    For more severe cases, a dental insert or actual surgery is called for. The problem can be the result of a constricted airway, too much tissue in the back of the throat or a severe overbite. So an operation to remove some of the soft tissue in those areas can relieve the matter, or moving the lower jaw forward to open up the airway in the throat can help.

    Snoring

    Snoring kind of goes along with sleep apnea; the underlying causes can be the same. In general, your airway becomes narrower, and this results in an inability to breathe smoothly. As with sleep apnea, the treatments can vary wildly. Sometimes just changing your position in bed is enough, elevating the head, or losing some weight can relieve it.

    Also, if you drink or smoke, cutting down on either one can ease the problem. If that doesn’t stop it, sometimes a mild antihistamine will dry your sinuses out enough to put an end to your snoring. There are also a variety of medical devices you can wear or insert into your mouth or nose. They’re designed to keep the breathing passages open. In extreme cases, surgery can be used in a similar manner as with sleep apnea. The key element is to open up the airway. So, by removing excess tissue from your main airway, you can cut down on your snoring.

    Restless Leg Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement Disorder

    Then there are two related problems: Restless Leg Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement Disorder. In both cases, you have a nearly irresistible urge to move your limbs. This is generally marked by a tingly or creepy sensation in your limbs, and people find that by moving around they get some temporary relief.

    When it happens in bed, the movements can be so severe that they wake themselves up. Usually, both disorders are associated with some other disease like kidney disorders, anemia, diabetes, thyroid problems, lupus, MS etc. There are some medications currently available to treat both, and also lifestyle changes like getting more exercise and improving your nutrition have been found to be helpful. If you have a rather extremely sedentary life, think about adding something as simple as a walk in the evening.

    Narcolepsy

    Narcolepsy is the polar opposite of insomnia; you get sleepy and even fall asleep without warning. You may be getting plenty of sleep and not feel sleepy – until one of these sleep attacks hits you.

    In extreme cases, people can literally fall asleep as fast as their dog or cat. The cause of narcolepsy is unknown, but doctors suspect it’s largely a genetic disorder combined with some type of environmental trigger. Doctors recommend a three-pronged approach to treatment: medication, counseling, and some form of behavioral treatment.